Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 14 pp 13991—14018

Peanut skin extract ameliorates the symptoms of type 2 diabetes mellitus in mice by alleviating inflammation and maintaining gut microbiota homeostasis

Figure 8. Effects of PSE on serum endotoxin and pro-inflammatory cytokines of HFD-induced diabetic mice. The change on serum endotoxin (A) and pro-inflammatory cytokines (B) of HFD-induced diabetic mice after administering PSE at 10, 80, and 160 mg/kg for 6 weeks, respectively. Each value was expressed as the mean ± SEM of 10 mice. ### represents significant difference compared to the control group at p < 0.001. *, **, and *** indicate significant difference compared to the DM group at p < 0.05, p < 0.01, and p < 0.001, respectively.