Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 19 pp 19455—19467

Cancer-testis antigen lactate dehydrogenase C4 in hepatocellular carcinoma: a promising biomarker for early diagnosis, efficacy evaluation and prognosis prediction


The identification of isolated vesicles in the serum using TEM and immunoblotting. (A) The morphology of serum exosomes under TEM. The white arrows indicated the isolated vesicles. (B) CD9 and CD63 proteins representing exosome markers were detected using western blot.