COVID-19 Review Volume 12, Issue 18 pp 18778—18789

SARS-CoV-2, immunosenescence and inflammaging: partners in the COVID-19 crime

Figure 1. SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds to the ACE2 receptor to enter the cells. Viral spike protein binds to the ACE2 receptor in the human cell membrane, followed by the internalization of the virus. SARS-CoV-2 consists also of the ribonucleoprotein, envelope protein and a membrane protein. The image was generated using CellPAINT Software [100].