Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 9 pp 12710—12732

Changing epidemiology of calcific aortic valve disease: 30-year trends of incidence, prevalence, and deaths across 204 countries and territories

The proportions of CAVD incident cases varied from 1990 to 2019 attributed to population growth, population aging, and epidemiological change in (A) the globe; (B) low SDI quintiles; (C) low-middle SDI quintiles; (D) middle SDI quintiles; (E) high-middle SDI quintiles; and (F) high SDI quintiles. Epidemiological change refers to the CAVD incident cases variation when age structure and population remained constant. CAVD, calcific aortic valve disease; SDI: socio-demographic index.

Figure 4. The proportions of CAVD incident cases varied from 1990 to 2019 attributed to population growth, population aging, and epidemiological change in (A) the globe; (B) low SDI quintiles; (C) low-middle SDI quintiles; (D) middle SDI quintiles; (E) high-middle SDI quintiles; and (F) high SDI quintiles. Epidemiological change refers to the CAVD incident cases variation when age structure and population remained constant. CAVD, calcific aortic valve disease; SDI: socio-demographic index.