Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 10 pp 13968—14000

Untargeted metabolomics for uncovering plasma biological markers of wet age-related macular degeneration

Apoptosis and necrosis of HRPECs. The apoptosis and necrosis of HRPECs after being treated with cyclamic acid, hyodeoxycholic acid, L-tryptophanamide, and O-phosphorylethanolamine for 48h. Blue fluorescence shows normal cells, bright blue shows apoptotic cells, and red shows necrotic cells.

Figure 9. Apoptosis and necrosis of HRPECs. The apoptosis and necrosis of HRPECs after being treated with cyclamic acid, hyodeoxycholic acid, L-tryptophanamide, and O-phosphorylethanolamine for 48h. Blue fluorescence shows normal cells, bright blue shows apoptotic cells, and red shows necrotic cells.