Research Paper Volume 4, Issue 6 pp 436—447

The Tellurium compound, AS101, increases SIRT1 level and activity and prevents type 2 diabetes

Meital Halperin-Sheinfeld 1, , Asaf Gertler 1, , Eitan Okun 1, , Benjamin Sredni 1, *, , Haim Y. Cohen 1, *, ,

  • 1 The Mina and Everard Goodman Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 52900, Israel
* Equal contribution

received: June 13, 2012 ; accepted: June 28, 2012 ; published: June 30, 2012 ;

https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.100468
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Abstract

The histone deacetylase, SIRT1, plays a major role in glucose regulation and lipid metabolism. Ammonium Trichloro (dioxoethylene-o,o') Tellurate, AS101, is a potent in vitro and in vivo immunomodulator, with several potential therapeutic applications. AS101 administration resulted in upregulation of SIRT1 protein expression and activity. These effects were associated with decreased levels of serum insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and of insulin. The properties of AS101 prompted us to investigate its potential therapeutic role in rats with type 2 diabetes (T2D). T2D was induced by a high fat diet combined with a low dose of Streptozotocin (STZ). Treatment with AS101 before manifestation of hyperglycemia, resulted in increased insulin sensitivity, and decreased blood glucose levels, and prevented symptoms of diabetes including defective glucose clearance, fatty liver, and abnormal distribution of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Treatment after disease emergence resulted in partial restoration of normal glucose homeostasis. Diabetic rats showed a reduction in liver SIRT1 levels. In both treatment regimens the reduction in SIRT1 levels in the liver were blocked by AS101 consumption. Together, these findings demonstrate the therapeutic potential of AS101 for treating T2D, and for reversing impaired fat and glucose metabolism.

Abbreviations

T2D: Type 2 diabetes; IGF-1: Insulin like growth factor 1; STZ: Streptozotocin; PPAR γ: Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor γ.

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