Sarcopenia is the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function. Skeletal muscle comprises diverse progenitor cells, including mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs), which normally support myogenic cell function but cause a decline in skeletal muscle function after differentiating into fibrous/adipose tissue. Cellular senescence is a form of persistent cell cycle arrest caused by cellular stress, including oxidative stress, and is accompanied by the acquisition of senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). Here, we found γH2AX+ senescent cells appeared in the interstitium in skeletal muscle, corresponding in position to that of MPCs. H2O2 mediated oxidative stress in 2G11 cells, a rat MPC clone previously established in our laboratory, successfully induced senescence, as shown by the upregulation of p21 and SASP factors, including IL-6. The senescent 2G11 cells lost their fibro/adipogenic potential, but, intriguingly, coculture of myoblasts with senescent 2G11 cells abrogated the myotube formation, which coincided with the downregulation of myomaker, a muscle-specific protein involved in myogenic cell fusion; however, forced expression of myomaker could not rescue this abrogation. These results suggest that senescent MPCs in aged rat skeletal muscle lose their fibro/adipogenic potential, but differ completely from undifferentiated progenitor cells in that senescent MPCs suppress myoblast fusion and thereby potentially accelerate sarcopenia.