Research Paper Volume 10, Issue 5 pp 1166—1181
Impact of long-term antihypertensive and antidiabetic medications on the prognosis of post-surgical colorectal cancer: the Fujian prospective investigation of cancer (FIESTA) study
- 1 Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China
- 2 Department of Pathology, Fujian Cancer Hospital and Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou, Fujian, China
- 3 Department of Medical Record, Fujian Cancer Hospital and Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou, Fujian, China
- 4 Department of Core Research Laboratory, Fujian Cancer Hospital and Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou, Fujian, China
- 5 Institute of Clinical Medical Sciences, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China
received: April 10, 2018 ; accepted: May 21, 2018 ; published: May 24, 2018 ;https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.101459
How to Cite
Copyright: Peng et al. This is an open‐access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are common comorbidities of colorectal cancer. We designed a prospective cohort study aiming to investigate the impact of long-term antihypertensive and antidiabetic medications on colorectal cancer-specific survival and recurrence among 713 post-surgical patients. All participants received radical resection for colorectal cancer during 2000-08, and they were followed up until July 2017. Colorectal cancer patients without hypertension had better survival than those with hypertension (median survival time [MST]: 190.3 months versus 99.0 months, p <0.001). The impact of antidiabetic medications on prolonging colorectal cancer survival was statistically significant, that is, patients receiving antidiabetic medications had longer survival time than untreated diabetic patients (MST: 135.8 months versus 80.2 months, p: 0.007), whereas the prognosis was greatly improved in colorectal cancer patients without diabetes mellitus (p <0.001). Medical treatment for hypertension and diabetes mellitus was associated with 28% (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.72; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.47-1.10; p: 0.131) and 57% (HR: 0.43; 95% CI: 0.22-0.82; p: 0.010) reduced risk of dying from colorectal cancer relative to those without medications, respectively. Our data indicate that long-term antidiabetic medications can significantly prolong the survival and improve the prognosis of post-surgical colorectal cancer.