Research Paper Volume 11, Issue 2 pp 523—535
lncRNA-ES3/miR-34c-5p/BMF axis is involved in regulating high-glucose-induced calcification/senescence of VSMCs
- 1 Department of Geriatrics, Institute of Aging and Geriatrics, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410011, China
received: August 6, 2018 ; accepted: January 5, 2019 ; published: January 17, 2019 ;https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.101758
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Copyright: Lin et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Vascular calcification/aging is common in diabetes and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality of patients. MiR-34c-5p, not miR-34c-3p, was suppressed significantly in calcification/senescence of human aorta vascular smooth muscle cells (HA-VSMCs) induced by high glucose, which was proven by the formation of mineralized nodules and staining of senescence associated-β-galactosidase staining (SA β-gal) positive cells. Overexpression of miR-34c-5p alleviated calcification/senescence of HA-VSMCs, whereas inhibition of miR-34c-5p received the opposite results. Bcl-2 modifying factor (BMF) was a functional target of miR-34c-5p and it was involved in the process of calcification/senescence of HA-VSMCs. Besides, lncRNA-ES3 acted as a competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNA) of miR-34c-5p to enhance BMF expression. Further, lncRNA-ES3 inhibited miR-34c-5p expression by direct interaction and its knockdown suppressed the calcification/senescence of HA-VSMCs. Our results showed for the first time that the calcification/senescence of VSMCs was regulated by lncRNA-ES3 /miR-34c-5p/BMF axis.