To detect the aberrantly expressed long non-coding RNAs in glioblastoma, two pairs of glioblastoma and adjacent normal tissues were firstly analyzed by RNA sequencing. Long intergenic non-coding RNA LINC00657 was considered to play a vital role in glioblastoma based on the results of RNA sequencing. Hence, we aimed to investigate the mechanisms by which LINC00657 regulated the tumorigenesis of glioblastoma. The level of LINC00657 in 40 glioblastoma samples and glioblastoma cell lines was detected by RT-qPCR. LINC00657 was significantly decreased in patients with glioblastoma compared with adjacent normal tissues. Overexpression of LINC00657 inhibited proliferation, colony formation, invasion and migration in glioma cells via inducing apoptosis. Dual luciferase report assay indicated LINC00657 was the target of miR-190a-3p. Overexpression of LINC00657 greatly inhibited the relative amount of miR-190a-3p. Besides, miR-190a-3p was found to be a negative regulator of PTEN. Additionally, active-caspase 3 was increased in cells transfected with pcDNA3.1-LINC00657. Finally, in vitro results were further confirmed by in vivo studies using nude mice bearing with glioblastoma tumors. In conclusion, LINC00657 was effective in inhibiting glioblastoma by acting as a molecular sponge of miR-190a-3p to regulate PTEN expression. Therefore, targeting LINC00657 may serve as a potential strategy for the treatment of patients with glioblastoma.