Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) reduces ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and apoptosis and restores the cardioprotective effects of ischemic post-conditioning (PC) in aged cardiomyocytes by inhibiting oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum stress and increasing autophagy. However, the mechanism is unclear. In the present study, we observed a loss of PC-mediated cardioprotection of aged cardiomyocytes. NaHS (a H2S donor) exerted significant protective effects against H/R-induced cell damage, apoptosis, production of cleaved caspase-3 and caspase-9, and release of cytochrome c. NaHS also reversed the H/R-induced reduction in cell viability and increased HB-EGF expression, cellular HB-EGF content, and EGFR phosphorylation. Additionally, NaHS increased expression of Bcl-2, c-myc, c-fos and c-jun, and the phosphorylation of ERK1/2, PI3K, Akt and GSK-3β. PC alone did not provide protection to H/R-treated aged cardiomyocytes, but it was significantly restored by supplementation of NaHS. The beneficial effects of NaHS during PC were inhibited by EGFR knockdown, AG1478 (EGFR inhibitor), PD98059 (ERK1/2 inhibitor) or LY294002 (PI3K inhibitor). These results suggest that exogenous H2S restores PC-mediated cardioprotection by up-regulating HB-EGF/EGFR signaling, which activates the ERK1/2-c-myc (and fos and c-jun) and PI3K-Akt- GSK-3β pathways in the aged cardiomyocytes.