Research Paper Volume 11, Issue 12 pp 3958—3968
Prevalence and predisposing factors of depressive symptoms in patients with stable coronary artery disease: a cross-sectional single-center study
- 1 Department of Cardiology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Changzhou 213003, China
- 2 Department of Critical Care Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Changzhou 213003, China
- 3 Department of Anesthesiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China
received: May 4, 2019 ; accepted: June 9, 2019 ; published: June 17, 2019 ;https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.102026
How to Cite
Copyright: Wu et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The incidence of depressive symptoms in patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) has significantly increased. However, its pathogenesis and treatment mechanisms are still incompletely understood. In this study, 144 patients with SCAD were recruited. Depressive symptoms of patients with SCAD were evaluated using Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale during hospitalization, and the patients were categorized into two subgroups: the non-depressive and depressive groups (further divided into mild and moderate/severe depressive groups). The rate of moderate/severe depressive symptoms in patients with SCAD was 18.8%. The mean age of patients in the depressive and mild depressive groups was older than that of those in the non-depressive group, and patients in the moderate/severe depressive group had higher high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and lower creatinine (Cr) levels. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that lower low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels were significantly associated with increased risks of mild depressive symptoms, whereas higher HDL and lower Cr levels were significantly associated with moderate/severe depressive symptoms, suggesting that patients with SCAD were prone to experience depressive symptoms, especially in the elderly. Abnormality in LDL, HDL, and Cr levels might contribute to the depressive symptoms.