Excessive alcohol consumption is positively related to osteoporosis, and its treatment strategies are poorly developed. Disulfiram inhibits receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis; however, whether it can be used for ethanol-induced osteoclastogenesis and its underlying mechanism are still unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that ethanol promoted RANKL-induced osteoclast formation and bone resorption, whereas, disulfiram suppressed ethanol-induced osteoclastogenesis by abrogating the expression of nuclear factor of activated T cell c1 (NFATc1) in vitro. Further analysis revealed that aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 (ALDH1A1) is important for the expression of NFATc1, the master regulator of osteoclast differentiation. Furthermore, we showed that disulfiram protected ethanol-induced osteoporosis in vivo. Overall, our study provides promising evidence that disulfiram can be used as a treatment strategy for alcohol-related osteoporosis via the ALDH1A1T–NFATc1 axis.