Research Paper Volume 11, Issue 19 pp 8418—8432
mTORC1-Sch9 regulates hydrogen sulfide production through the transsulfuration pathway
- 1 Key Laboratory of Bio-Resources and Eco-Environment of Ministry of Education, College of Life Science, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, Sichuan, China
- 2 Laboratory of Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, Chengdu University, Chengdu 610106, Sichuan, China
received: June 22, 2019 ; accepted: September 22, 2019 ; published: October 3, 2019 ;https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.102327
How to Cite
Copyright © 2019 Lyu et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Endogenous hydrogen sulfide mediates anti-aging benefits of dietary restriction (DR). However, it is unclear how H2S production is regulated by pathways related to DR. Due to the importance of mTORC1 pathway in DR, we investigated the effects of Sch9, a yeast homolog of mammalian S6K1 and a major substrate of mTORC1 on H2S production in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We found that inhibition of the mTORC1-Sch9 pathway by SCH9 deletion, rapamycin or myriocin treatment resulted in a dramatic decrease in H2S production. Although deficiency of SCH9 did not alter the intracellular level of methionine, the intracellular level of cysteine increased in Δsch9 cells. The expression of CYS3 and CYS4, two transsulfuration pathway genes encoding cystathionine gamma-lyase (CGL) and cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS), were also decreased under mTORC1-Sch9 inhibition. Overexpression of CYS3 or CYS4 in Δsch9 cells or WT cells treated with rapamycin rescued the deficiency of H2S production. Finally, we also observed a reduction in H2S production and lowering of both mRNA and protein levels of CGL and CBS in cultured human cells treated with rapamycin to reduce mTORC1 pathway activity. Thus, our findings reveal a probably conserved mechanism in which H2S production by the transsulfuration pathway is regulated by mTORC1-Sch9 signaling.