A subgroup of overweight/obese individuals, who had favorable metabolic profiles, was termed as metabolically healthy overweight/obese (MHO). Several studies suggested that MHO individuals were not at increased risk of cardiovascular disease and all-course mortality. However, whether MHO is associated with excess risk of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in elders remains unclear. To explore the risk of AD among MHO phenotype and investigate whether MHO associates with neurodegenerative biomarkers of AD, we assessed body mass index-metabolic status phenotypes of 1199 longitudinal elders from the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) cohort using the Adult Treatment Panel-III (ATP- III) criteria. MHO subjects were at a significantly decreased risk for AD (adjusted HR=0.73, 95% CI: 0.54-0.97) compared with metabolically healthy normal weight (MHNW) subjects. In multivariable linear regression models, the cross-sectional associations of MHO with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers, brain Aβ load, and cortical structure were explored. MHO was positively correlated with CSF-Aβ (β=0.746, P=0.015), hippocampal volume (β=0.181, P=0.011), and whole brain volume (β=0.133, P=0.004). The MHO phenotype of the elder conferred a decreased risk of AD and its role may be driven by Aβ.