Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 1 pp 370—386
Long noncoding RNA VPS9D1-AS1 augments the malignant phenotype of non-small cell lung cancer by sponging microRNA-532-3p and thereby enhancing HMGA2 expression
- 1 Guangxi Medical University, Cancer Hospital, Nanning 530021, China
- 2 Cancer Center, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021, China
received: November 6, 2019 ; accepted: December 18, 2019 ; published: January 5, 2020 ;https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.102628
How to Cite
Copyright © 2020 Han et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
We investigated the influence of the long noncoding RNA VPS9D1 antisense RNA 1 (VPS9D1-AS1) on the malignant phenotype of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells in vitro and in vivo. We also explored the mechanisms by which VPS9D1-AS1 exerts its oncogenic action during NSCLC progression. VPS9D1-AS1 expression was upregulated in NSCLC; the extent of its upregulation significantly correlated with patients’ adverse clinicopathological characteristics and shorter overall survival. When VPS9D1-AS1 was knocked down in NSCLC cells, their proliferation, colony-forming capacity, migration, and invasiveness were lower, whereas their apoptosis rate was higher, compared to the control. VPS9D1-AS1 knockdown attenuated tumor growth of NSCLC cells in vivo. Mechanistically, VPS9D1-AS1 directly interacted with microRNA-532-3p (miR-532-3p) in NSCLC cells; the impact of VPS9D1-AS1 knockdown on NSCLC cells was attenuated by miR-532-3p inhibition. Furthermore, VPS9D1-AS1 knockdown decreased the expression of high mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) in NSCLC cells via miR-532-3p sponging. Recovery of HMGA2 expression partially reversed the inhibitory effects of VPS9D1-AS1 knockdown on NSCLC cells. Thus, VPS9D1-AS1 functions as a competing endogenous RNA that positively regulates HMGA2 expression by sponging miR-532-3p in NSCLC cells, suggesting that the VPS9D1-AS1–miR-532-3p–HMGA2 pathway can be a potential diagnostic and/or therapeutic target in NSCLC.