Recent studies have revealed a resemblance of a HIF-regulated heart and brain glycolytic profiles prompting the hypothesis that the classical cell-to-cell lactate shuttle observed between astrocytes and neurons operates also in heart – between cardiac fibroblasts and cardiomyocytes. Here, we demonstrate that co-culturing of cardiomyocytes with cardiac fibroblasts leads to orchestrated changes in expression and/or localization pattern of glucose metabolism enzymes and lactate transport proteins in both cell types. These changes are regulated by paracrine signaling using microvesicle-packed and soluble factors released to the culture medium and, taken together, they concur with the cardiac lactate shuttle hypothesis. The results presented here show that similarity of heart and brain proteomes demonstrated earlier extend to physiological level and provide a theoretical rationale for designing novel therapeutic strategies for treatment of cardiomyopathies resulting from disruption of the maturation of cardiac metabolic pathways, and of heart failure associated with metabolic complications and age-related heart failure linked with extracellular matrix deposition and hypoxia.