Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 4 pp 3713—3729
Identification of a lathyrane-type diterpenoid EM-E-11-4 as a novel paclitaxel resistance reversing agent with multiple mechanisms of action
- 1 State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substance and Function of Natural Medicines, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100050, China
- 2 Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China
- 3 Hunan Provincial Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital, Changsha 410008, China
received: October 1, 2019 ; accepted: February 4, 2020 ; published: February 28, 2020 ;https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.102842
How to Cite
Copyright © 2020 Liu et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and βIII-tubulin overexpression-mediated drug resistance leads to clinical therapy failure for paclitaxel. However, the development of paclitaxel-resistance reversal agents has not had much success. In this study, EM-E-11-4, a lathyrane-type diterpenoid extracted from Euphorbia micractina, demonstrated good anti-MDR (multidrug resistance) activity in paclitaxel-resistant tumor cells overexpressing either P-gp or βIII-tubulin. EM-E-11-4 was able to recover the effects of paclitaxel in inducing arrest at G2/M phase and apoptosis in both A549/Tax (P-gp overexpression) and Hela/βIII (βIII-tubulin overexpression) cells, respectively, at a non-cytotoxic dose. EM-E-11-4 could enable Flutax-1 and Rhodamine 123 be accumulated intracellularly at an accelerating rate in A549/Tax cells by inhibiting the activity of P-gp ATPase, rather than affecting the expression of P-gp. In addition, it also strengthened the effects of paclitaxel in promoting tubulin polymerization and the binding of paclitaxel to microtubules in vitro. It inhibited the expression of βIII-tubulin in Hela/βIII cells in a dose-dependent manner while not exerting influence on the other β-tubulin subtypes. As far as we know, this is the first study to report that a small molecule natural product could specifically inhibit the expression of βIII-tubulin. These results suggest EM-E-11-4 may serve as a promising MDR reversal agent, particularly for patients bearing tumors with high expression of P-gp and βIII-tubulin.