Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive cell loss, largely confined to mesencephalic dopamine neurons of the substantia nigra. This study investigated the functional relevance of the HOX transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR)/microRNA-221-3 (miR-221-3p)/neuronal pentraxin II (NPTX2) axis in the process of dopaminergic neuron autophagy using PD mouse models. The PD mouse models were established by intraperitoneal injection of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyrindine (MPTP), while PD cell model was constructed by pretreatment with 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+). The expression of HOTAIR was then examined using RT-qPCR. In addition, the interactions between HOTAIR, miR-221-3p, and NPTX2 were detected through RIP and dual-luciferase reporter gene assays. CCK-8 assay was performed to measure cell viability, and the expression of autophagy-related genes was determined using Western blot analysis. HOTAIR was found to be significantly expressed in the substantia nigra compact tissues and MN9D cells following PD modeling. HOTAIR could bind to miR-221-3p and elevate the NPTX2 expression, which resulted in diminished cell viability and enhanced autophagy of dopaminergic neurons both in vitro and in vivo. In summary, down-regulation of HOTAIR could potentially inhibit the autophagy of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra compacta in a mouse model of PD, thus saving the demise of dopaminergic neurons.