The incidence of oral diseases is remarkably increased with age, and it may be related to oral microbiota. In this study, we systematically investigated the microbiota of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), tongue back (TB) and saliva (SAL) from various age groups in healthy populations. The microbial diversity results indicated that the α-diversity of bacteria had a tendency to decrease in aging mouth, whereas the β-diversity showed an opposite increasing trend in all three sites. Next, the microbial structure exploration revealed a divergence in bacterial profile in three sites in response to aging, but the intersite differential bacteria demonstrated a uniform bell-shaped variation trend with age. Meanwhile, several age-differentiated genera were shared by GCF, SAL and TB sites, and the bacterial correlation analysis demonstrated a clear shift in the pattern of bacterial correlations with age. Moreover, both the intra- and intersite “core microbiome” showed significantly decreased bacterial diversities with age. Finally, the trending differential bacteria species were used as a biomarker to distinguish the different age groups, and the prediction accuracies in GCF were 0.998, 0.809, 0.668, 0.675 and 0.956. Our results revealed the characteristics of intra- and intersite bacterial succession with age, providing novel insights into senile oral diseases.