Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 9 pp 8137—8150
Overexpression of METTL3 attenuates high-glucose induced RPE cell pyroptosis by regulating miR-25-3p/PTEN/Akt signaling cascade through DGCR8
- 1 Department of Ophthalmology, The 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming Yunnan, China
- 2 Department of Ophthalmology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming Yunnan, China
received: December 26, 2019 ; accepted: March 30, 2020 ; published: May 4, 2020 ;https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103130
How to Cite
Copyright © 2020 Zha et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Methyltransferase-like protein 3 (METTL3) regulates multiple cell functions and diseases by modulating N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modifications. However, it is still unclear whether METTL3 involves in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy (DR). In the present study, we found that high-glucose inhibited RPE cell proliferation, promoted cell apoptosis and pyroptosis in a time-dependent manner. In addition, both METTL3 mRNA and miR-25-3p were low-expressed in the peripheral venous blood samples of diabetes mellitus (DM) patients compared to normal volunteers, and high-glucose inhibited METTL3 and miR-25-3p expressions in RPE cells. As expected, upregulation of METTL3 and miR-25-3p alleviated the cytotoxic effects of high-glucose on RPE cells, and knock-down of METTL3 and miR-25-3p had opposite effects. Additionally, METTL3 overexpression increased miR-25-3p levels in RPE cells in a microprocessor protein DGCR8-dependent manner, and miR-25-3p ablation abrogated the effects of overexpressed METTL3 on cell functions in high-glucose treated RPE cells. Furthermore, PTEN could be negatively regulated by miR-25-3p, and overexpression of METTL3 increased phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) levels by targeting miR-25-3p/PTEN axis. Consistently, upregulation of PTEN abrogated the protective effects of METTL3 overexpression on RPE cells treated with high-glucose. Collectively, METTL3 rescued cell viability in high-glucose treated RPE cells by targeting miR-25-3p/PTEN/Akt signaling cascade.