Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 9 pp 8459—8472
Paternal age, body mass index, and semen volume are associated with chromosomal aberrations-related miscarriages in couples that underwent treatment by assisted reproductive technology
- 1 Center for Reproductive Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China
- 2 Henan Province Key Laboratory of Reproduction and Genetics, Henan, China
- 3 Department of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis, Center for Reproductive Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China
received: October 18, 2019 ; accepted: April 16, 2020 ; published: May 8, 2020 ;https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103151
How to Cite
Copyright © 2020 Wang et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
We investigated the effects of paternal characteristics, including age, body mass index (BMI), and semen parameters on chromosomal aberration-related miscarriages in couples that underwent treatment with assisted reproductive technology (ART). Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array analysis showed chromosomal aberrations in 60.2% (557/925) of miscarried fetuses, including trisomy in 73.1% (407/557) of cases. There were higher chromosomal aberration rates in fetuses for men aged 20-24 years and ≥30 years compared with controls. After adjusting for age and BMI of the female partners, and the BMI and semen parameters of the males, there was no statistically significant effect of paternal age ≥30 years on the risk of chromosomal aberrations-related miscarriages. However, the odds of chromosomal abnormality-related miscarriage were 148% higher for the youngest fathers (age: 20-24 years) than fathers aged 25-29 years [adjusted odds ratio (OR): 2.48, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03-5.96; P=0.042]. Furthermore, high male BMI (adjusted OR: 1.56, 95% CI: 1.14-2.14; P=0.005) and low semen volume (adjusted OR: 2.09, 95% CI: 1.06-4.11; P=0.034) were associated with increased risk of chromosomal aberration-related miscarriages. These findings demonstrate that very young paternal age, high BMI, and low semen volume are associated with increased risk of chromosomal aberration-related miscarriages in couples undergoing ART treatment.