Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 9 pp 8473—8483
Shoutai pills improve the quality of oocytes exposed to the chemotherapeutic drug Hydroxyurea
- 1 Research Center of Combine Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Affiliated Traditional Medicine Hospital, Southwest Medical University, Luzhou 646000, Sichuan, China
- 2 College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
- 3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Affiliated Traditional Medicine Hospital, Southwest Medical University, Luzhou 646000, Sichuan, China
received: October 25, 2019 ; accepted: April 16, 2020 ; published: May 10, 2020 ;https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103152
How to Cite
Copyright © 2020 Zhang et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Hydroxyurea (HU), a DNA synthesis inhibitor, is one of the most common chemotherapeutic drugs that have been widely applied to treat a variety of cancers. HU treatment exhibits severe side effects including renal toxicity, skin toxicity and embryo-toxicity. However, the influence of HU on the female gamete development has not yet fully clarified. Here, we found that HU exposure induced the degeneration of activated follicles after primordial follicle stage, resulting in the depletion of the ovarian reserve. HU exposure also led to the oocyte meiotic maturation arrest via disrupting normal spindle assembly, chromosome alignment and kinetochore-microtubule attachment. Furthermore, exposure to HU impaired the dynamics of ovastacin and Juno, two critical fertilization regulators. Notably, we illustrated that Shoutai pills (STP), a traditional Chinese medicine drug that has been commonly used for the treatment of miscarriage in China, partially restored all of the defects of oocyte development resulting from HU exposure through inhibiting the occurrence of oxidative stress-induced apoptosis. Taken together, our data not only reveal the adverse impact of HU exposure on the female gamete development, but also provide an effective strategy to prevent it, potentially contributing to the improvement of the quality of oocytes from patients treated with HU.