Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 10 pp 9066—9084
Overexpression of miR-142-5p inhibits the progression of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis by targeting TSLP and inhibiting JAK-STAT signaling pathway
- 1 Department of Gastroenterology, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences and Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital, Chengdu 610072, Sichuan, China
- 2 Department of Laboratory Medicine, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences and Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital, Chengdu 610072, Sichuan, China
- 3 Personalized Drug Therapy Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Department of Pharmacy, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences and Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital, Chengdu 610072, Sichuan, China
Received: May 19, 2019 Accepted: April 13, 2020 Published: May 15, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103172
How to Cite
Copyright © 2020 Zhou et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This study aimed to figure out the underlying mechanism of miR-142-5p in the non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Bioinformatics, luciferase assay and Western blot were performed. The NASH mouse model was established through feeding a high fat diet (HFD). Relative expressions of miR-142-5p, thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), inflammatory factors were detected by qRT-PCR. The injury level of liver was assessed via measurement of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST). H&E staining and Masson’s trichrome staining examine the liver fatty degeneration and fibrosis. MiR-142-5p and TSLP were differentially expressed and JAK-STAT signaling pathway was activated in the NASH group. Luciferase assay identified that TSLP was the downstream target of miR-142-5p. Through overexpression of miR-142-5p, ALT and AST in serum were inhibited, pro-inflammatory factors, liver fatty degeneration and fibrosis in liver tissues were decreased, while anti-inflammatory factors were increased. Overexpression of TSLP and JAK-STAT signaling pathway activation could reverse the effects of miR-142-5p on NASH. Taken together, overexpression of miR-142-5p could attenuate NASH progression via inhibiting TSLP and JAK-STAT pathway. MiR-142-5p might be a novel latent target for NASH therapy.