Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 10 pp 9726—9744

NF2 deficiency accelerates neointima hyperplasia following vascular injury via promoting YAP-TEAD1 interaction in vascular smooth muscle cells

Xiongshan Sun1, *, , Shuang Li1, *, , Xueqing Gan1, , Ken Chen1, , Dachun Yang1, , Yongjian Yang1, ,

  • 1 Department of Cardiology, The General Hospital of Western Theater Command, Chengdu 610083, China
* Equal contribution

Received: January 19, 2020       Accepted: March 31, 2020       Published: May 18, 2020
How to Cite

Copyright © 2020 Sun et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Neurofibromin 2 (NF2), a potent tumor suppressor, is reported to inhibit proliferation in several cell types. The role of NF2 in neointima hyperplasia after vascular injury is unknown. We explored the role of NF2 in proliferation, migration of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) and neointima hyperplasia after vascular injury. NF2 phosphorylation was elevated in VSMC subjected to platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB and in artery subjected to vascular injury. Mice deficient for Nf2 in VSMC showed enhanced neointima hyperplasia after injury, increased proliferation and migration of VSMC after PDGF-BB treatment. Mechanistically, we observed increased nuclear p-NF2, declined p-Yes-Associated Protein (YAP), nuclear translocation of YAP after PDGF-BB treatment or injury. NF2 knockdown or YAP overexpression showed similar phenotype in VSMC proliferation, migration and neointima hyperplasia. YAP inhibition abolished the above effects mediated by NF2 knockdown. Finally, NF2 knockdown further promoted YAP-TEA Domain Transcription Factor 1 (TEAD1) interaction after PDGF-BB treatment. Inhibition of TEAD1 blocked PDGF-BB-induced VSMC proliferation and migration, which were not reversed by either NF2 knockdown or YAP overexpression. In conclusion, NF2 knockdown promotes VSMC proliferation, migration and neointima hyperplasia after vascular injury via inducing YAP-TEAD1 interaction.


NF2: Neurofibromin 2; PDGF: platelet-derived growth factor; TEAD1: TEA Domain Transcription Factor 1; VSMC: vascular smooth muscle cell; YAP: Yes-Associated Protein.