Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 13 pp 13477—13487
Hydrostatic pressure induces osteogenic differentiation of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells through increasing lncRNA-PAGBC
- 1 Department of Orthopedics, The Affiliated Hospital of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, China
- 2 Department of Oncology, Shanghai Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China
- 3 Department of Trauma Orthopedics, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China
Received: March 17, 2020 Accepted: April 28, 2020 Published: July 13, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103448
How to Cite
Copyright © 2020 Ru et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Induced osteogenesis of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) has been used to facilitate bone regeneration. Specifically, hydrostatic pressure (HP) has been implicated as a key regulator of AMSC differentiation, whereas the mechanisms that underlie the effects of HP on osteogenesis of AMSCs are not fully understood. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging regulators for osteogenic differentiation from AMSCs. In the current study, we found that lncRNA-PAGBC was a specific lncRNA that significantly upregulated during osteogenic differentiation of AMSCs based on published database. HP increased lncRNA-PAGBC, which is a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) that binds to the osteogenesis-inhibitory microRNA, miR-133b, to regulate osteogenic differentiation of AMSCs. Moreover, a key osteogenesis-trigger gene, runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), was identified as a target gene for miR-133b. Suppression of RUNX2 by miR-133b caused impaired osteogenic differentiation of AMSCs. Furthermore, lncRNA-PAGBC overexpression upregulated, whereas lncRNA-PAGBC silencing decreased the expression of RUNX2 through miR-133b. Together, these data suggest that HP induces osteogenic differentiation of AMSCs through increasing lncRNA-PAGBC.