Research Paper Advance Articles
Prognostic validation and treatment decision making of the 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer pathological staging system for elderly women with early-stage breast cancer
- 1 Department of Radiation Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Teaching Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Xiamen 361003, People’s Republic of China
- 2 Department of Breast Surgery, The University of Hong Kong-Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen 518083, People’s Republic of China
- 3 Department of Radiation Oncology, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center of Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou 510060, People’s Republic of China
- 4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Teaching Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Xiamen 361003, People’s Republic of China
Received: February 5, 2020 Accepted: June 13, 2020 Published: July 25, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103574
How to Cite
Copyright © 2020 Wu et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Purpose: To determine the prognostication and treatment decision making of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 8th pathological staging system in elderly women (aged ≥65 years) with T1-2N0M0 breast cancer (BC).
Results: We included 67699 patients, and patients were restaged into stage IA (84.9%), IB (8.9%), and IIA (6.2%) using the 8th AJCC edition criteria. Overall, 69.4% and 30.6% of them underwent breast-conservation surgery (BCS) and mastectomy (MAST), respectively. In patients who received BCS, 30.3% of them underwent postoperative radiotherapy (RT). Patients with a higher pathological stage were more likely to receive MAST. The 5-year breast cancer-specific mortality rate was 2.2%, 6.5% and 13.7% in stage IA, IB, and IIA, respectively. Patients treated with BCS and RT had significantly lower risk of breast cancer-specific mortality compared to those treated with MAST or with BCS alone regardless of the pathological prognostic stages (P<0.001).
Conclusions: The 8th AJCC pathological prognostic staging system provides accurate risk stratification and impacts the treatment decision making for elderly women with early-stage BC.
Methods: We identified stage T1-2N0M0 BC patients using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Statistical analyses were used binomial logistic regression, and multivariable competing risk models in the Cox model framework.