Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 19 pp 19045—19059
FGF23 protects osteoblasts from dexamethasone-induced oxidative injury
- 1 Department of Orthopedics, The Affiliated Huaian No.1 People’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Huaian, China
Received: December 13, 2019 Accepted: June 10, 2020 Published: October 14, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103689
How to Cite
Copyright © 2020 Ji et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) 3.0 License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.
Dexamethasone (DEX) can exert a cytotoxic effect on cultured osteoblasts. The current study explored the potential osteoblast cytoprotective effect of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23). In OB-6 human osteoblastic cells and primary murine osteoblasts, FGF23 induced phosphorylation of the receptor FGFR1 and activated the downstream Akt-S6K1 signaling. FGF23-induced FGFR1-Akt-S6K phosphorylation was largely inhibited by FGFR1 shRNA, but augmented with ectopic FGFR1 expression in OB-6 cells. FGF23 attenuated DEX-induced death and apoptosis in OB-6 cells and murine osteoblasts. Its cytoprotective effects were abolished by FGFR1 shRNA, Akt inhibition or Akt1 knockout. Conversely, forced activation of Akt inhibited DEX-induced cytotoxicity in OB-6 cells. Furthermore, FGF23 activated Akt downstream nuclear-factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling to alleviate DEX-induced oxidative injury. On the contrary, Nrf2 shRNA or knockout almost reversed FGF23-induced osteoblast cytoprotection against DEX. Collectively, FGF23 activates FGFR1-Akt and Nrf2 signaling cascades to protect osteoblasts from DEX-induced oxidative injury and cell death.