Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 21 pp 21329—21343
Different polymorphisms in HIF-1α may exhibit different effects on cancer risk in Asians: evidence from nearly forty thousand participants
- 1 Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu, China
- 2 Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Nantong, Nantong, Jiangsu, China
- 3 Department of Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu, China
Received: June 14, 2020 Accepted: July 21, 2020 Published: November 4, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103871
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2020 Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The effect of different SNPs in HIF-1α and cancer susceptibility remain indistinct. Here, we evaluated the association between all identified SNPs (rs11549465, rs11549467 and rs2057482) in HIF-1α and the overall risk of cancer in all case-control studies published before April 2020. A total of 54 articles including 56 case-control studies were included in this analysis. We found that variant genotypes of rs11549465 and rs11549467 were associated with a significantly increased overall cancer risk. In contrast, the variant T allele of rs2057482 showed a significantly reduced risk of overall cancer. In addition, variant genotypes of the three studied SNPs exhibited a significant association with cancer risk in Asians and specific cancer types. Meanwhile, HIF-1α was significantly highly expressed in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and pancreatic cancer tissues. More importantly, survival analysis indicated that the high expression of HIF-1α was associated with a poor survival in patients with lung cancer. These findings further provided evidence that different SNPs in HIF-1α may exhibit different effects on overall cancer risk; these effects were ethnicity and type-specific. Further studies with functional evaluations are required to confirm the biological mechanisms underlying the role of HIF-1α SNPs in cancer development and progression.