Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 22 pp 22719—22743
Gonadal white adipose tissue-derived exosomal MiR-222 promotes obesity-associated insulin resistance
- 1 Nanjing DrumTower Hospital Center of Molecular Diagnostic and Therapy, State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Jiangsu Engineering Research Center for MicroRNA Biology and Biotechnology, NJU Advanced Institute of Life Sciences (NAILS), NJU Institute of AI Biomedicine and Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
Received: September 13, 2019 Accepted: July 20, 2020 Published: November 10, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103891
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2020 Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In this study, we investigated the role of serum exosomal miR-222 in obesity-related insulin resistance. Bioinformatics analyses showed that miR-222 levels were significantly upregulated in the white adipose tissue of obese patients with insulin resistance (GSE25402 dataset) and in serum samples from type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients (GSE90028 dataset). Moreover, analysis of miRNA expression in adipose tissue-specific Dicer knockout mice (GitHub dataset) and diabetic model mice (GSE81976 and GSE85101 datasets), gonadal white adipose tissue (gWAT) was the main source of serum exosomal miR-222. MiR-222 levels were significantly elevated in the serum, serum exosomes and gWAT of mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD), and there was a corresponding downregulation of IRS1 and phospho-AKT levels in their liver and skeletal muscle tissues, which correlated with impaired insulin sensitivity and glucose intolerance. These effects were abrogated by surgically removing the gWAT from the HFD-fed mice. Thus, gWAT-derived serum exosomal miR-222 appears to promote insulin resistance in the liver and skeletal muscle of HFD-fed obese mice by suppressing IRS1 expression.