Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 19 pp 18957—18969
Evaluation of beneficial effect of a dual-task exercise based on Japanese transitional games in older adults: a pilot study
- 1 R&D Center for Tailor-Made QOL, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
- 2 Alliance for Research on the Mediterranean and North Africa (ARENA), University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
- 3 Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
- 4 Faculty of Health and Sport Science, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
Received: May 15, 2020 Accepted: July 21, 2020 Published: October 11, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103908
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2020 Yoon et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Not only does Japan has the world’s longest healthy life expectancy, but also the world’s longest average life span. This study investigated the effect of a novel dual-task (DT) exercise called “Synapsology” (SYNAP), developed as a game-like activity to improve older adults’ physical and cognitive functions. Participants (n=24) with a mean age of 70.6 years (65–77 years) were randomly assigned to the SYNAP exercise group (SG, n=15) and the control group (CG, n=9). The SG participated in the DT intervention consisting of 60-minute sessions, twice a week, for 8 weeks. Physical function in timed-up-and-go had significant pre- and post- trial differences (P=0.017) in SG. In addition, cognitive function results in the a 25-hole trail-making peg test (P=0.004) and an oxidative stress marker (P=0.039) had a statistically significant difference within the SG. However, there were no significant differences in the physical and cognitive functions between SG and CG. In the study, older adults who participated in cognitive-motor DT intervention improved significantly with regard to motor ability and cognitive function results. Thus, a game-like DT exercise may help maintain the healthy life of older adults compared to no intervention.