Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 20 pp 20561—20586
Colorectal cancer patients with CASK promotor heterogeneous and homogeneous methylation display different prognosis
- 1 Department of Epidemiology, Public Health College, Harbin Medical University, Nangang District, Harbin 150086, Heilongjiang Province, The People’s Republic of China
- 2 Department of Colorectal Surgery, The Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, Heilongjiang Province, The People’s Republic of China
Received: April 30, 2020 Accepted: July 30, 2020 Published: October 28, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103928
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2020 Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Homogenous DNA methylation clearly affects clinical outcomes. However, less is known about the effects of heterogeneous methylation. We aimed to investigate the different effects between CASK promoter methylation heterogeneity and homogeneity on colorectal cancer (CRC) patients' prognosis. The methylation status of CASK in 296 tumor tissues and 255 adjacent normal tissues were evaluated using Methylation-sensitive high-resolution melting (MS-HRM). Digital MS-HRM (dMS-HRM) visualized heterogeneous methylation and subsequent sequencing provided exact patterns. Log-rank test and Cox regression model were adopted to assess the association between CASK methylation status and CRC prognosis with propensity score (PS) method to control confounding biases. Heterogeneous methylation was detected in both tumor (52.2%) and non-neoplastic tissue surrounding the tumor (62.4%). It occurred more frequently in lower levels of tumor invasion (P = 0.002) and male patients (P < 0.001). Compared with heterogeneous methylation, patients with CASK homogeneous methylation presented poorer overall survival (OS) (HR: 1.919, 95% CI: 1.146-3.212, P = 0.013) and disease-free survival (DFS) (HR: 1.913, 95% CI: 1.146-3.194, P = 0.013). This unfavorable effect still existed among older (≥ 50), Dukes staging C/D, and rectal cancer patients. MS-HRM and dMS-HRM when combined can assess the degree and complexity of heterogeneous methylation with a visible pattern.