Matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) is a gene associated with inflammation and prognosis in colorectal cancer (CRC). Here, we studied the link between the rs11225395 polymorphism of MMP-8 gene and CRC risk. We recruited 551 CRC cases and 623 controls from among a subpopulation of Han Chinese patients. Data found that this variant was connected to an increased risk of CRC (TT versus CC: OR, 1.76; 95%CI, 1.09–2.84; P = 0.021; T versus C: OR, 1.29; 95%CI, 1.07–1.56; P = 0.007). Stratified analyses indicated a positive association among smokers (TT versus CC: OR, 2.31; 95%CI, 1.12–4.79; P = 0.024), males, and patients ≥ 60 years old. Crossover analysis showed that the potential interaction between smoking or drinking and the MMP-8 rs11225395 polymorphism was related to elevated risk for CRC. The rs11225395 polymorphism was also connected with lymph node metastasis and TNM stage. Moreover, the CRC cases carrying a TT genotype of MMP-8 rs11225395 presented had poorer overall survival than the CC genotype carriers. These findings show that MMP-8 rs11225395 correlates with an elevated risk of CRC and poor patient prognosis in a subpopulation of the Han Chinese subpopulation. Thus, the MMP-8 rs11225395 polymorphism could potentially function as a biomarker predictive of CRC susceptibility.