Transfer-RNA-derived small RNAs (tsRNAs) are a novel class of short non-coding RNAs, that possess regulatory functions. However, their biological roles in hemorrhagic stroke are not understood. In this study, by RNA sequencing, we investigated the tsRNA expression profiles of intracerebral hemorrhagic rat brains in the chronic phase. A total of 331 tsRNAs were identified (308 in sham and 309 in intracerebral hemorrhage). Among them, the validation revealed that 7 tsRNAs (1 up-regulated and 6 down-regulated) were significantly changed. Subsequently, we predicted the target mRNAs of the 7 tsRNAs. Through integrative analysis, the predicted targets were validated by mRNA microarray data. Moreover, we confirmed the functions of tsRNAs targeting mRNAs in vitro. Furthermore, using bioinformatics tools and databases, we developed a tsRNA-mRNA-pathway interaction network to visualize their potential functions. Bioinformatics analyses and confirmatory experiments indicated that the altered genes were mainly enriched in several signaling pathways. These pathways were interrelated with intracerebral hemorrhage, such as response to oxidative stress, endocytosis, and regulation of G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway. In summary, this study systematically revealed the profiles of tsRNAs after an experimental intracerebral hemorrhage. These results may provide novel therapeutic targets following a hemorrhagic stroke in the chronic phase.