Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 21 pp 21971—21991
CircGLCE alleviates intervertebral disc degeneration by regulating apoptosis and matrix degradation through the targeting of miR-587/STAP1
- 1 Orthopaedic Surgery, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China
Received: February 13, 2020 Accepted: August 17, 2020 Published: November 6, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.104035
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2020 Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The purpose of this study was to identify a specific circular RNA and to investigate its regulatory mechanism in intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD). CircGLCE was selected after microarray analyses and was further analysed by RT-qPCR and FISH. CircGLCE was found to stably exist in the cytoplasm of nucleus pulposus (NP) cells. It was downregulated in IDD. After silencing CircGLCE, its function was assessed with RT-qPCR, immunofluorescence analysis and flow cytometry. Knockdown of CircGLCE promoted apoptosis and induced the expression of matrix-degrading enzymes in NP cells. CircGLCE served as a miR-587 sponge in NP cells. Inhibiting miR-587 counteracted the IDD-enhancing effect caused by silencing CircGLCE. STAP1 served as the miRNA target that mediated the functions of miR-587. In an IDD mouse model, the in vivo effects of overexpressing CircGLCE on IDD were confirmed by imaging techniques, TUNEL staining, FISH, western blotting, H&E staining and immunohistochemistry. Thus, CircGLCE attenuates IDD by inhibiting the apoptosis of NP cells and ECM degradation through the targeting of miR-587/STAP1. CircGLCE may be a potential therapeutic target for IDD treatments.