Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 21 pp 22112—22121
Autophagy modulates mesenchymal-to-endothelial transition via p53
- 1 Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325000, China
- 2 Department of Hypoxia Medical Research Laboratory, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325000, China
- 3 Vascular Medicine Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
Received: January 8, 2020 Accepted: August 22, 2020 Published: November 13, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.104065
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2020 Hu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Mesenchymal-to-endothelial transition (MEndT) is one of the mechanisms that influences cardiac fibrosis, which is a key process in cardiac remodeling. It has been reported that autophagy inhibits endothelial cell transition. However, whether autophagy could modulate MEndT in cardiac fibrosis has not yet been investigated. Here, we discussed the association between autophagy and MEndT and its possible mechanism. In this study, we induced endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition using transforming growth factor-β to generate mesenchymal cells and fibroblasts in wild-type human umbilical vein endothelial cells and cells with p53 knockout or overexpression. Then, autophagy was induced by Earle's balanced salt solution (EBSS) and was inhibited by bafilomycin A1 or lentivirus-ATG5-shRNA. The expression levels of MEndT and the autophagy markers CD31, VE-Cadherin, Vimentin, α-SMA, LC3, p62 and p53 were examined. We found that activation of autophagy could promote MEndT and increase cytoplasmic and total expression of p53, that but nuclear p53 expression was decreased, and that inhibition of autophagy activation could reverse the effect of EBSS. Moreover, after knockout of nuclear p53, autophagy promoted MEndT, while autophagy inhibited MEndT in p53 overexpressing cells. Our results demonstrate that autophagy modulate MEndT by nuclear p53 provide a new strategy for the treatment of fibrosis diseases.