Nitidine chloride (NC) possesses anticancer properties in various types of human malignancies. However, the effects of NC on lung cancer cells have not been elucidated. Moreover, the molecular mechanism of NC-involved antitumor activity is unclear. Therefore, we aimed to determine the biological effect of NC and the underlying molecular insights in lung cancer cells. The antineoplastic function of NC was assessed by MTT assays, Annexin V-FITC/PI apoptosis assay, wound healing analysis, and Transwell chamber migration and invasion assay in lung cancer cells. NEDD4 modulation was evaluated by western blotting assays of lung cancer cells after NC treatments. NEDD4 overexpression and downregulation were employed to validate the critical role of NEDD4 in the NC-mediated tumor suppressive effects. We found that NC suppressed cell viability, migration and invasion, but induced apoptosis in lung cancer cells. Mechanistic exploration revealed that NC exhibited its antitumor effects by reducing NEDD4 expression. Furthermore, our rescue experiments dissected that overexpression of NEDD4 abrogated the NC-mediated antineoplastic effects in lung cancer cells. Consistently, downregulation of NEDD4 enhanced the NC-induced anticancer effects. Thus, NC is a promising antitumor agent in lung cancer, indicating that NC might have potential therapeutic applications in the treatment of lung cancer.