Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have a critical regulatory function in human glioma. However, novel circRNAs related to different pathological grades of glioma and their crucial potential function are worth screening and prediction. CircRNA expression profiling was performed for 6 paired high- and low-grade glioma tissues and 5 adjacent normal brain tissues through next-generation sequencing. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was conducted to validate circRNA expression. Bioinformatics analysis was performed, and circRNA-miRNA-mRNA networks were constructed. The expression and survival data of miRNAs and target genes were examined by GEPIA, Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA), ONCOMINE, and cBioPortal databases. The RNA binding proteins (RBPs), open reading frames (ORFs) and N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modifications of the identified circRNAs were also predicted. Through multilevel research screening, 4 circRNAs (hsa_circ_0000915, hsa_circ_0127664, hsa_circ_0008362, and hsa_circ_0001467) were associated with glioma of different pathological grades and could be preferred candidates for subsequent functional analysis. Therefore, circRNAs are associated with the different pathological grades of glioma and reveal their potential critical regulatory function. CircRNAs might provide vital molecular biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets for glioma.