Research Paper Advance Articles pp 24301—24317
Cigarette smoke extract induces airway epithelial cell death via repressing PRMT6/AKT signaling
- 1 Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410011, Hunan, China
- 2 Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Received: April 8, 2020 Accepted: October 20, 2020 Published: December 1, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.202210
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Copyright: © 2020 Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a severe public health threat world-wide. Cigarette smoke (CS)-induced airway epithelial cell death is a major pathway of pathogenesis in emphysema, a subtype of COPD. Protein arginine methyltransferase 6 (PRMT6) is a type I PRMT that catalyzes mono- and di-methylation on arginine residues within histone and non-histone proteins to modulate a variety of life processes, such as apoptosis. However, its role in CS-induced lung epithelial death has not been fully elucidated. Here we report that PRMT6 was decreased in mouse lung tissues from a cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-mediated experimental emphysematous model and in CSE treated or cigarette smoke exposed lung epithelial cells. Depletion of PRMT6 increased the protein levels of phosphatase PTEN and PI3K regulatory subunit p85 but decreased a downstream kinase PDK1, resulting in AKT dephosphorylation and thereafter, lung epithelial cell death. Knockout of PRMT6 inhibited epithelial survival and promoted CSE-mediated epithelial cell death, while ectopic expression of PRMT6 protein partially reversed epithelial cell death via PI3K/AKT-mediated cell survival signaling in CSE cellular models. These findings demonstrate that PRMT6 plays a crucial role in CS-induced bronchial epithelial cell death that may be a potential therapeutic target against the airway cell death in CS-induced COPD.