FOXD2 adjacent opposite strand RNA 1 (FOXD2-AS1) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of some cancers. However, its functional role in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) remains largely unknown. In this study, we conducted expressional and functional analyses of FOXD2-AS1 using data from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and in vitro OSCC assays. FOXD2-AS1 dysregulation was remarkably associated with radiation therapy, anatomic location, high histologic grade, and lymphovascular invasion (P < 0.05). A nomogram based on FOXD2-AS1 expression was constructed for use as a diagnostic indicator for OSCC patients, and multivariate cox regression analysis showed that FOXD2-AS1 expression was an independent prognostic factor for OSCC patients. KEGG, gene set enrichment analysis, and immune infiltration evaluations indicated that FOXD2-AS1 was involved in tumor progression via epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and cell cycle regulation and was negatively associated with mast cell, DCs, iDCs, and B cells. FOXD2-AS1 silencing suppressed the proliferation and migration of Cal27 cells. Our findings showed that an aberrantly high FOXD2-AS1 expression predicts poor prognosis in OSCC; FOXD2-AS1 may act as an oncogenic protein by regulating cell proliferation and migration and may suppress adaptive immunity by modulating the number and function of antigen-presenting cells.