Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 24 pp 26140—26187
Role of electrocardiographic early repolarization pattern in long-term outcomes of a community-based middle-aged and geriatric ambulatory population: a prospective cohort study
- 1 Cardiovascular Center and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei City, Taiwan
- 2 Division of Biostatistics, Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei City, Taiwan
- 3 Institute of Population Health Sciences, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan, Taiwan
- 4 Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital Hsin-Chu Branch, Hsin-Chu, Taiwan
Received: August 8, 2020 Accepted: October 9, 2020 Published: December 19, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.202369
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2020 Juang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In some studies, electrocardiographic early repolarization pattern (ERP) has been associated with an increased risk of death from cardiac causes. However, little is known about the prognostic significance of ERP in the middle-aged and geriatric general populations. We investigated the prevalence and long-term prognostic significance of early repolarization pattern (ERP) on electrocardiograms (ECGs) in the Healthy Aging Longitudinal Study (HALST) cohort of 4615 middle-aged and geriatric community-dwelling Han Chinese adults from Taiwan. The study subjects were followed-up for 95±22 months. A positive ERP of ≥0.1 mV was observed in 889 (19.3%) of the subjects. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that ERP was not associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality (log-rank test, P=0.13 and 0.84, respectively). Cox regression analysis after adjusting for covariables revealed that age, blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, stroke, chronic kidney disease, and corrected QT interval (QTc) were associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality (P<0.05). Age, and stroke were risk factors associated with increased risk of cardiovascular mortality (P<0.05). However, ERP alone was not associated with all-cause or cardiovascular mortality. These findings show that ERP is common in the middle-aged and geriatric Han-Chinese individuals from the HALST cohort and is not associated with all-cause or cardiovascular mortality.