Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 4 pp 5297—5311
LncRNA MIR205HG regulates melanomagenesis via the miR-299-3p/VEGFA axis
- 1 Xinxiang Central Hospital, Xinxiang 453000, Henan, China
Received: September 10, 2020 Accepted: December 9, 2020 Published: February 1, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.202450
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Guo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In this study, we investigated the role of lncRNA MIR205HG in melanomagenesis. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis showed that MIR205HG levels were significantly upregulated in melanoma cell lines compared to normal human melanocytes. Similarly, MIR205HG levels were significantly higher melanoma tissues than adjacent normal skin tissues (n=30). CCK-8 and flow cytometry assays showed that MIR205HG knockdown significantly decreased the viability of melanoma cells. Dual luciferase reporter and RNA pull-down assays confirmed that MIR205HG directly binds to microRNA (miR)-299-3p. Targetscan analysis and dual luciferase reporter assays showed that miR-299-3p directly binds to the 3’UTR of VEGFA mRNA. Wound healing and transwell invasion assays showed that MIR205HG knockdown decreased in vitro migration and invasiveness of melanoma cells, and these effects were reversed by treatment with miR-299-3p inhibitor. MIR205HG-silenced melanoma cells showed increased miR-299-3p expression and lower levels of both VEGFA mRNA and protein. Tumor volumes were significantly smaller in nude mice xenografted with MIR205HG knockdown melanoma cells than the controls. These results demonstrate that MIR205HG supports melanoma growth via the miR-299-3p/VEGFA axis. This makes MIR205HG a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of melanoma.