Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 2 pp 3010—3030
Efficacy of melatonin in animal models of intracerebral hemorrhage: a systematic review and meta-analysis
- 1 Department of Neurology, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410011, Hunan, China
- 2 Department of Neurology, The Second People’s Hospital of Hunan Province, Changsha 410007, Hunan, China
Received: September 8, 2020 Accepted: November 23, 2020 Published: January 27, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.202457
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Zeng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Melatonin is a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent that is showing promising results in acute brain injury. The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate the pre-clinical evidence on the effectiveness of melatonin in improving outcome after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). We searched mainstream databases from the inception to the end of June 2020. Outcomes were measured by neurobehavioral scores or brain water content. Meta-analyses were performed with Stata 12.0 and Review Manager 5.3. Finally, 8 articles published from 2008 to 2019 met the inclusion criteria. Meta-analysis of pre-clinical data revealed an overall positive effect on neurobehavioral outcome with a standardized mean difference (SMD) of -0.81 (95% CI: -1.47, -0.15; p = 0.016) with significant heterogeneity (Q = 41.49, I2 = 68.7%; p = 0.000). Further subgroup analysis were performed from methodological differences, especially dose and timing of treatments. Furthermore, melatonin reduced cerebral edema by an SMD of -0.78 (95% CI: -1.23, -0.34; p = 0.001) with low heterogeneity. In conclusion, melatonin treatment significantly improves both behavioral and pathological outcomes in animal models of ICH. In addition, the results should be interpreted in light of the limitations in experimental design and methodological quality of the studies included in the meta-analysis.