Background: To develop and validate predictive nomograms for 5-year graft survival in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) with easily-available laboratory data derived markers and clinical variables within the first year post-transplant.

Methods: The clinical and routine laboratory data from within the first year post-transplant of 1289 KTRs was collected to generate candidate predictors. Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses and LASSO were conducted to select final predictors. X-tile analysis was applied to identify optimal cutoff values to transform potential continuous factors into category variables and stratify patients. C-index, calibration curve, dynamic time-dependent AUC, decision curve analysis, and Kaplan-Meier curves were used to evaluate models’ predictive accuracy and clinical utility.

Results: Two predictive nomograms were constructed by using 0–6- and 0–12- month laboratory data, and showed good predictive performance with C-indexes of 0.78 and 0.85, respectively, in the training cohort. Calibration curves showed that the prediction probabilities of 5-year graft survival were in concordance with actual observations. Additionally, KTRs could be successfully stratified into three risk groups by nomograms.

Conclusions: These predictive nomograms combining demographic and 0–6- or 0–12- month markers derived from post-transplant laboratory data could serve as useful tools for early identification of 5-year graft survival probability in individual KTRs.