Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 8 pp 11352—11362
Genetic effect of MTHFR C677T, A1298C, and A1793G polymorphisms on the age at onset, plasma homocysteine, and white matter lesions in Alzheimer's disease in the Chinese population
- 1 Department of Neurology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China
- 2 Department of Geriatrics Neurology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China
- 3 National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Disorders, Central South University, Changsha, China
- 4 Key Laboratory of Hunan Province in Neurodegenerative Disorders, Central South University, Changsha, China
- 5 Key Laboratory of Organ Injury, Aging and Regenerative Medicine of Hunan Province, Changsha, China
Received: January 13, 2021 Accepted: March 6, 2021 Published: April 4, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.202827
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Jiang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Three polymorphisms in the Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene (C677T, A1298C, and A1793G) were reported associated with AD. However, their genotype distributions and associations with age at onset (AAO), homocysteine, and white matter lesions (WML) were unclear in the Chinese AD population.
Method: We determined the presence of C677T, A1298C, and A1793G polymorphisms in the MTHFR gene using Sanger sequencing in a Chinese cohort comprising 721 AD patients (318 early-onset AD patients (EOAD) and 403 late-onset AD patients (LOAD)) and 365 elderly controls. Additionally, the homocysteine level and WML were evaluated in 121 AD patients.
Results: The frequency of allele T of C677T polymorphism was significantly higher in AD patients than in controls (P = 0.040), while no statistical difference was observed in A1298C and A1793G (P > 0.05). Besides, genotype distributions of C677T and A1298C polymorphisms statistically varied between AD patients and controls (P = 0.021, P = 0.012). Moreover, the AAO was significantly lower in CT/TT (C677T) genotypes carriers (P = 0.042) and higher in AC/CC (A1298C) and AG/GG (A1793G) genotypes carriers (P = 0.034, P = 0.009) in patients with LOAD. We also found that patients with CT/TT (C677T) genotypes were prone to present an increased homocysteine level (P = 0.036) and higher Fazekas score (P = 0.024). In comparison, patients with AG/GG genotypes (A1793G) had a significantly lower Fazekas score (P = 0.013).
Conclusions: The genotype distributions of C677T and A1298C polymorphisms are associated with AD in the Chinese population. Moreover, AD patients with C677T polymorphism are prone to present an earlier onset, higher homocysteine level, and more severe WML.