Dopamine receptor, a polypeptide chain composed of 7 hydrophobic transmembrane regions, is a new and vital drug target, especially Dopamine receptor 2(D2). Targeting dopamine receptors, Dopamine receptor agonists are a class of drugs similar in function and structure to dopamine and can directly act on dopamine receptors and activate it. Clinically, Dopamine receptor agonist drugs have achieved significant therapeutic effects on prolactinoma and Parkinson's Disease.

In the study, we virtually screened a series of potential effective agonists of Dopamine receptor by computer techniques. Firstly, we used the Molecular Docking (LibDock) step to screen out some molecules that can dock well with the protein. Then, analysis of toxicity prediction and ADME (adsorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion) were carried out. More precise molecular docking (CDOCKER) and 3-Dimensional Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship Modeling Study(3D-QSAR) pharmacophore generation were implemented to research and explore these compounds' binding mechanism with Dopamine receptor. Last but not least, to assess compound's binding stabilities, we carried out a molecular dynamic analysis. As the results show, two compounds (ZINC000008860530 and ZINC000004096987) from the small molecule database (ZINC database) were potential effective agonists of Dopamine receptor. These two compounds can combine with Dopamine receptor with higher affinity and proved to be no toxic. The cell experiment showed that two compounds could inhibit the proliferation and PRL secretion of MMQ cells (pituitary tumor cells). Thus, this study provided valuable information about Dopamine receptor agonist-based drug discovery. So, this study will benefit patients with prolactinoma and Parkinson’s disease a lot.