Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 14 pp 18298—18309

NUDCD1 knockdown inhibits the proliferation, migration, and invasion of pancreatic cancer via the EMT process

Chunling Shi1, , Min Weng2, , Hengyue Zhu2, , Yangyang Guo2, , Dongdong Xu1, , Hairu Jin1, , Binshuang Wei1, , Zhensheng Cao1, ,

  • 1 School of Stomatology, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 110013, China
  • 2 Key Laboratory of Diagnosis and Treatment of Severe Hepato-Pancreatic Diseases of Zhejiang Province, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325000, China

Received: September 17, 2020       Accepted: April 29, 2021       Published: July 29, 2021
How to Cite

Copyright: © 2021 Shi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


NudC domain containing 1 (NUDCD1) is an oncoprotein frequently activated or upregulated in various human cancers, but its role in pancreatic cancer (PC) remains unknown. Thus, we aimed to determine the function and mechanism of NUDCD1 in PC. We employed Western blot and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction to assess NUDCD1 expression in cells and PC tissues. NUDCD1 was knocked down in Patu8988 and PANC-1 cells. We conducted real-time cell analysis, wound healing assay, transwell assay and colony formation assay to evaluate the metastatic and proliferative abilities of PC cells. Western blot was conducted to assess the expression of markers associated with apoptosis and epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT). Also, we established a tumor xenograft model to determine the role of NUDCD1 in vivo. NUDCD1 was overexpressed in PC tissues and cells. NUDCD1 knockdown suppressed the invasion, migration, and proliferative abilities of the cells and induced PC cell apoptosis. The specific mechanism of NUDCD1 was related to the modulation of the EMT process. Data obtained from in vivo experiments revealed that NUDCD1 knockdown inhibited the tumor growth, proliferation, and metastasis by modulating the EMT and inducing the apoptosis of PC cells.


PC: Pancreatic cancer; qRT-PCR: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction; RTCA: Real-time cell analysis; EMT: Epithelial–mesenchymal transition.