Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 14 pp 18006—18017
Implication of integrin α2β1 in senescence of SK-Mel-147 human melanoma cells
- 1 VN Orekhovich Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, Moscow 119121, Russia
Received: April 8, 2021 Accepted: June 19, 2021 Published: July 13, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.203309
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Kozlova et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This investigation addressed the impact of integrin-initiated signaling pathways on senescence of tumor cells. In a model of human SK-Mel-147 melanoma cells, the silencing of integrin α2β1 strongly reduced cell proliferation and enhanced the percentage of SA-β-Gal-positive cells, a phenotypic feature of cellular senescence. These changes were accompanied by a significant increase in the activity of Akt and mTOR protein kinases and also in the expression of p53 and p21 oncosuppressors. Pharmacological inhibition of Akt and mTORC1 and genetic inhibition of p53 and p21 reduced the senescence of α2β1-depleted SK-Mel-147 cells to the level of control cells. Based on our earlier data on the non-canonical functions of Akt isomers in the invasion and anoikis of SK-Mel-147 cells, we investigated the role of Akt isomers in senescence induced by α2β1 suppression. The inhibition of Akt1 strongly reduced the percentage of SA-β-Gal-positive cells in the α2β1-depleted cell population, while the inhibition of Akt2 did not have a noticeable effect. Our data demonstrated for the first time that α2β1 is involved in the protection of tumor cells against senescence and that senescence, which is induced by the downregulation of α2β, is based on a signaling mechanism in which Akt1 performs a non-canonical function.