Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 17 pp 21102—21121
Bortezomib enhances the anti-cancer effect of the novel Bruton’s tyrosine kinase inhibitor (BGB-3111) in mantle cell lymphoma expressing BTK
- 1 Department of Lymphoma, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center of Cancer, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin’s Clinical Research Center for Cancer, The Sino-US Center for Lymphoma and Leukemia Research, Tianjin 300060, China
- 2 Department of Biotherapy, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, Tianjin 300060, China
- 3 Department of Pathology, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, Tianjin 300060, China
Received: October 12, 2020 Accepted: July 2, 2021 Published: September 10, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.203314
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
BGB-3111, a novel Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor, shows promising anti-cancer effects in chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), and Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM). This study aimed to investigate the anti-cancer effects of BGB-3111 combined with bortezomib (BTZ) against the BTK-expressing MCL. We found that BTK, which was overexpressed in 59.4% of patients with MCL, was mainly characterized by high Ki67 and elevated MIPI scores. BGB-3111 strongly inhibited cell proliferation, induced cell cycle arrest in the G1/G0-phase, and promoted cell apoptosis in the MCL cells expressing BTK. BGB-3111 provides better safety than another BTK inhibitor, ibrutinib as ibrutinib inhibits the inducible T-cell kinase (ITK) as an off-target effect but BGB-3111 does not inhibit ITK. Low doses of BTZ enhanced the anti-cancer effect induced by the low dose of BGB-3111 by downregulating the expression levels of PARP and Bcl-2 and increasing the expression levels of cleaved PARP and cleaved caspase-9. In addition, low doses of BGB-3111, but not of BTZ, inhibited BTK phosphorylation. However, low-doses of BTZ strengthened the anti-cancer effect induced by the low-doses of BGB-3111 via synergistically suppressing the IκBα and P65 phosphorylation. Taken together, our findings validate that BGB-3111 is a novel and effective BTK inhibitor for MCL-expressing BTK. Hence, it can be harnessed as a potential therapeutic strategy through a combinatorial treatment comprising low-dose BGB-3111 and low-dose BTZ to gain strong anti-cancer effects and better safety for MCL patients.