Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 15 pp 19397—19414
Association between CTLA-4 gene polymorphism and risk of rheumatoid arthritis: a meta-analysis
- 1 Department of Orthopedics, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, Hubei, China
- 2 Department of Spine Surgery, The First Affiliate Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830054, Xinjiang, China
- 3 Department of Orthopedics Trauma and Microsurgery, Zhongnan Hospital, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430000, Hubei, China
Received: December 10, 2020 Accepted: June 19, 2021 Published: August 2, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.203349
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Zhou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) gene polymorphisms may be involved in the risk of Rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, evidence for the association remains controversial. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to confirm the relationship between CTLA-4 gene polymorphisms and RA. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to assess the strength of association. Stratified analysis was conducted by ethnicity. In total, 66 case-control studies including 21681 cases and 23457 controls were obtained. For rs3087243 polymorphism, significant association was detected in Asians (A vs. G: OR=0.77, 95%CI=0.65-0.90, P=0.001; AA vs. GG: OR=0.67, 95%CI=0.48-0.94, P=0.02) and Caucasians (A vs. G: OR=0.89, 95%CI=0.86-0.93, P<0.00001; AA vs. GG: OR=0.81, 95%CI=0.75-0.88, P<0.00001). For rs231775 polymorphism, significant association was observed in the overall (G vs. A: OR =1.16, 95%CI=1.08-1.25, P<0.0001; GG vs. AA: OR=1.29, 95%CI=1.12-1.50, P=0.0006), and in Asians (G vs. A: OR=1.27, 95%CI=1.10-1.47, P=0.001; GG vs. AA: OR=1.58, 95%CI=1.24-2.01, P=0.0002), but not in Caucasians. However, there was no association between rs5742909 polymorphism and RA. This meta-analysis confirmed that rs3087243 and rs231775 polymorphism were associated with the risk of RA in both overall population and ethnic-specific analysis, but there was no association between rs5742909 polymorphism and RA risk.